Disponible en / Available in: Español
The treatment of Cystic Fibrosis is based on the medication given by the medical team, a healthy and hypercaloric nutrition, respiratory physiotherapy and reeducation to the effort. Harmful microorganisms in Cystic Fibrosis set the standard for its treatment, as Carla López Causapé, doctor in microbiology of the Hospital Universitario Son Espases, tells us in this new informative capsule.
Harmful microorganisms in Cystic Fibrosis
People with Cystic Fibrosis usually submit a sputum sample every three months. When the Microbiology Department of the referral hospitals receive the sample, they perform a special protocol to detect possible pathogenic microorganisms.
Once detected, tests are performed with the different antibiotics to establish resistance or sensitivity to one or the other in the antibiogram. This report will be essential for the pulmonology team to be able to indicate the best possible treatment for this harmful microorganism.
Most frequent harmful microorganisms in CF
According to Dr. Lopez, 20 years ago pseudomonas aeruginosa was the most frequent bacterium, but nowadays staphylococcus aureus is more prevalent. Mycobacteria is a pathogen that should be tested once a year, but not routinely because it is not indicated to be cultured too often.
Checking for possible sources of infection
The Microbiology Department collaborates with the Respiralia Foundation by checking its facilities for possible sources of infection. They do this by randomly taking samples from 20 points in places where cleaning may not be exhaustive because they are more hidden, but which come into contact with users.
A widely held belief is that pseudomonas grows in damp places in houses, swimming pools, etc. Dr. Lopez warns that this is indeed its natural habitat, but that it can also be found in non-wet areas, so vigilance should be extended to all areas of the home. A cleansing with specialized products is needed to keep away psoudomonas and other microorganisms.